Costa Rica: breeding for climate-resilience


Although coffee is one of the most valuable crops in the world, it is also one of the most under-researched. Coffee we consume today is based on a shallow genetic pool and therefore extremely vulnerable to climate change as well as pests and diseases. Breeding F1-Hybrid varieties is an important tool to equip the coffee sector for changing climate and weather conditions.

HyCoffee partners with Gaia Artisan Coffee and Grounds Costa Rica to offer the F1-Hybrid “Milenio”.

photograph taken in Costa Rica by HyCoffee partners Grounds Costa Rica

F1-Hybrid varieties are first-generation offspring of two genetically distant parents that are created using classic methods of plant breeding to combine their positive attributes. The term F1 stands for the 1st filial generation, i.e. the first generation from the cross between the two parent varieties. With F1 hybrids, coffee producers have an important and effective means of combining the climate-resilient and flavour attributes of different Arabica varieties. These factors include not only drought resistance, but also resilience to extreme weather or disease. At the same time, F1-hybrids promise a high cupping profile and increased productivity. However, F1-hybrids are expensive to produce and manage, so costs and benefits should be carefully assessed on an individual basis.

Milenio: high yields combined with climate- and pest-resistance

To showcase the potential of F1-Hybrids, HyCoffee offers a F1-Hybrid from Costa Rica called Milenio. Milenio is a cross between the resistant Sarchimor and Rume Sudan, an original landrace variety from the Horn of Africa. Milenio is high-yielding and more resistant to climatic changes and pests.

Would you like to try our Milenio F1-Hybrid? Sign up to our newsletter to be the first to know when our limited edition is back in stock.